Gori is a city in eastern Georgia and the capital of the state of Sheida Kartli. The name of this city means hill in Georgian. The city has been very important in terms of military position since ancient times due to its location on the east-west passage of Georgia. And it has been attacked many times by aliens. The city is also known for being the birthplace of one of the leaders of the former Soviet Union (Joseph Stalin).
This historic castle is located on a rocky hill in the center of Gori. The presence of ruins in the northern part of the hill and archeological excavations have shown that there was a castle in this place in the first century. The castle was used as a prison in the 13th century. The fortress has been repeatedly demolished and rebuilt throughout Georgia's tumultuous history. The original reconstruction was carried out in the 17th century by King Rostom. The current shape and appearance of this castle was formed in 1774 by Shah Irakli II.
The church was built in the early 19th century as a Catholic church but was badly damaged in 1920 by a severe earthquake in Georgia. It was used as a music school during the former Soviet era, when religion received very little attention. But in 1990 it became the Orthodox Church.
The museum is dedicated to the life of Joseph Stalin, who was born in Gori. The museum retains the features of the Soviet era. The museum has three sections, all located in the city's central square. It was dedicated specifically to Stalin in 1957. Coinciding with the fall of the Soviet Union and the independence of Georgia, the museum closed in 1989, but has recently reopened and is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Georgia. The first part (Stalin's house): a small wooden hut in the center of the city where Stalin was born in 1878 and spent the first four years of his life. This house has two rooms on the ground floor. Stalin's father was a local shoemaker who rented a room in the house and worked in the basement of the wooden hut.
- Part II (Museum): The section was apparently built in 1951 as a museum of the history of socialism, but was clearly intended to commemorate Stalin, who died in 1953. The section consists of six halls arranged in chronological order from Stalin's birth to his reign and World War II, as well as his death and Stalin's Gift Hall. There is also a room called Stalin's office where his personal belongings are located.
Part 3 (personal train car): In the corner of the museum grounds is a personal train from Stalin. The wagon is bulletproof and weighs 83 tons, which has been used by him since 1941. Stalin traveled by train to the Yalta Conference and the Tehran Conference.
The museum was founded in 1935. The museum currently holds more than 48,100 works, including handmade metal structures, paintings, sculptures, a variety of old coins, historical monuments in Georgian and Arabic, and a collection of ancient Georgian manuscripts., Photo archive is very diverse and ....